When dealing with disc hernia we offer the following procedures:
- PLDD - percutaneous laser disc decompression
- SED - selective endoscopic discectomy
- METRx™ - minimally invasive foraminotomy and discectomy
Spinal discs are small cushions placed between two vertebrae. The whole spine is made of a row of vertebrae (bone) which are allocated to the discs (soft tissue – shock absorber). Soft tissue is sheathed with a jacket, gathering the soft hydrogel. The disc itself is made of 80% of nutritive fluids, feeding the body during the day via nerves and is therefore worn out. During ageing, the quantity of fluids in the disc reduces, and the pressure to the disc grows. Disc jacket gathering the soft part can become weak under pressure in certain regions, which leads to its deformation (it gets an extrusion in the form of a tear, balloon or a bean on the edge part of the disc) presenting a weak spot of the disc, which can finally burst. Appearance of these deformations or burst of disc jacket is called disc hernia. When you hear people saying that their “disc slipped” or that they have a “disc rupture” they actually mean disc hernia.
Appearance of disc hernia
Disc hernia can appear for various reasons, and equally with women and men. Although genetics can be connected to its appearance, it is not a rule. The main reasons for appearance of disc hernia are:
- Disc deterioration and rupture – during process of ageing, such development of situation with your discs is inevitable, because discs lose their flexibility while ageing, and this is necessary for their preservation
- Spine injury – different spine traumas can lead to appearance of tears or ruptures of disc jackets. If it happens, the soft tissue will be extruded under pressure from the disc through the tear or crack. In that way the disc will grow thinner or will tear into peaces.
Symptoms of disc hernia
When it comes to disc hernia, deformations on the disc jacket put pressure to spinal marrow and the nerves. This will cause pain, stupor or lack of strength in body parts with most patients, and it leads to nerve pinching. When disc hernia happens in the lower part of the back, the above mentioned symptoms occur in the lower back, behind or legs region, while symptoms of disc hernia in neck region is mostly felt in the neck and arms region.
If disc hernia is not pressuring the spinal marrow and the nerves (the tear or burst is on the opposite side of the spinal marrow), it is possible you will not feel any pain.